In the modern world, people are concerned about the issue of waste management. Every industrialized nation today uses some methods of waste management. The methods are different but the goal is the same: to save the planet. The issue of saving the planet, improving the environment, has become crucial due to our way of life. So let us see how the system of waste management works.
Waste management can be defined as the collection of waste provided by human consumption and activity, transporting and shipment of the collected waste to recycle the waste material and to give it a new life.
Why We Need Waste Management?
There are three main reasons why we need waste management in the modern world. Here they are:
- The first reason derives from our desire to make our surrounding look beautiful. Waste will make any area look awful. What is more, waste can produce horrible stink. That is why it is common to keep inhabited areas clean.
- Waste attracts some animals and insects, becoming a reason of spreading various diseases.
- In order not to harm the environment, waste cannot be burned or piled up. Waste management helps to control waste, as well as recycle it in order to recover the needed resources to produce new products and to bring them back into use.
Why Waste Management Appeared?
There was a time when there was no such conception as waste management. The population of the planet was much lower than it is now, the exploration of the world’s natural resources was minimal. What is more, there was no such concept as industrialization, so in the most cases, the waste produced by people of that time was biodegradable. It means, that even without waste management, the planet was safe.
With the course of time, the population of the planet grew. In the 18th century, the world saw the industrial revolution. After the 18th century, people from rural areas started to migrate to big cities and industrial areas of that time. As the result, both the consumption and produced waste multiplied. As such notion as waste management did not exist, the proliferation of waste has become a reason of numerous diseases such as bubonic plague, cholera, and typhoid. Such epidemics led to mass deaths of people. To take control over spreading these diseases, such notion as waste management appeared in the industrialized nations. Since that time, people realized the importance of waste management and its beneficial impact on human’s well-being, as well as the well-being of our planet.
Ways to Recover Resources From Waste
In the modern world, scientists and planners have introduced some technologies that are helpful when it comes to recovering resources from waste. The thing is that humanity produces too much waste, so there is a need to reduce the volume of disposal waste. The best way to achieve this goal is to give it a new life. For example, today the waste can be converted into electricity. There are some sophisticated facilities that use the calorific content from waste to accomplish this goal. What is more, there are ways to get recyclable materials from waste, so there is a chance to make new things from those we do not need anymore.
The first word or notion associated with waste management is recycling. By recycling, we mean the process of waste collection in order to give it a new form and to bring it back to use. For example, when it comes to such products as paper or plastic, after the recycling process we will get the same, renewed product. The same concerns aluminum. The easiest way to recycle products is to recycle those made of one material. When it comes to electronic waste, there are some plants in developing nations where after the recycling process of e-waste we can get gold and copper. This cycled process helps us to reduce the exploration of natural resources by giving old used things new life.